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Glossary of terms 1.1
Industry Blueprint - Container shipping 1.0
January 2020
2
GLOSSARY OF TERMS 1.1
No
TERM
DEFINITION
SYNONYM
1
Actual event
The time stamp associated with the actual event, is the point in time, where the event is
completed in accordance with the definition of the event.
2
Approved
A document is approved once the approving party has sent an affirmative message to
the party requesting the approval.
3
Arrival notice
Notification to the notifying party (often the consignee and/or notify party) on the
estimated arrival time of the shipment.
4
Arrival
Arrival is the event which occurs, when a mode of transport reaches its final or
intermediate destination, and the mode of transport is ready for load/discharge
operations to begin at the specified location. Depending on the mode of transport
arrival will have different definitions:
• Vessel: A vessel has arrived once the vessel is berthed at the port terminal.
• Rail: A rail transport has arrived once the transport is stationary at the intended
platform or rail head.
• Truck: A truck has arrived once the truck is stationary in front of the loading dock or
other loading facility.
5
Bayplan
The bayplan is the complete overview of containers stowed on the vessel. This includes
slots for each container. It is provided by the terminal to the vessel operator, who will
distribute it further, if needed.
The associated EDI-message, BAPLIE, is often used instead of the term bayplan.
BAPLIE
Bill of Lading (B/L)
Legal document issued to the customer which confirms the carrier's receipt of the cargo
from the customer acknowledging goods being shipped and specifying the terms of
delivery. There are many different types of Bs/L.
The Industry Blueprint 1.0 considers the Bill of Lading finalized (no longer draft), when
the draft has been approved by the customer.
7
Booking
A reservation of space and/or equipment for a particular vessel/voyage and possibly
inland transport with a specific origin/destination/equipment type and commodity.
8
Booking request
A request for reservation of space and equipment for a particular vessel/voyage and
possibly inland transport.
Consignment
9
Border crossing
The point on a border between two countries, where people, transports or goods can
cross. This may or may not include a customs checkpoint.
10
Cargo release
The action of allowing cargo to leave the container yard typically authorized by the
carrier. This is often confused with gate-out, but cargo release is the authorization
necessary before shipments can be allowed to gate-out.
11
Cargo survey
The act of documenting details on the cargo on behalf of the carrier, customer or
authorities. This could be the measurement of an out of gauge shipment, packing of
dangerous goods or any element which requires specific documentation of the physical
condition of the cargo.
12
Carrier
Carrier means any person, organization or government undertaking the transport of
dangerous goods by any means of transport. The term includes both carriers for hire
or reward (known as common or contract carriers in some countries) and carriers on
own account (known as private carriers in some countries).
Shipping line
13
Carrier haulage
The inland transport service, which is performed by or on behalf of the ocean carrier
under the contract of carriage terms and conditions (TBL: 'through bill of lading')
14
Commodity
Description of the cargo loaded into a container. Often described using the
Harmonized System-classification system.
Cargo
15
Confirmed
A document or request is confirmed once an affirmative message is registered and
sent from the confirming party.
16
Confirmed bookings
All bookings intended for a specific vessel. This also includes transshipments and roll-
overs from previous vessels. For all confirmed bookings a booking confirmation have
been issued.
17
Consignee
The party to whom a cargo is consigned under a contract of carriage or a transport
document or electronic transport record. Also known as the receiver.
18
Container freight
station
A facility where LCL (Less Than Container Load) shipments are consolidated or
deconsolidated and where cargo is stuffed into containers prior to shipment or
stripped from containers prior to release to consignee.
19
Container grade
The classification system used by carriers internally to define the general appearance
and condition of a piece of equipment.
3
20
Container packing
certificate
A certificate that documents that the cargo has been stored and stowed in a manner
which is compliant with existing standards and rules. This could also contain a
verification of weight and measurements of the given cargo. This is issued as a result of
a cargo survey.
Dangerous goods
certificate
21
Container Yard
A facility in the relative proximity to a port or inland terminal, with the purpose of
intermediate storage of equipment. This facility provides intermediate storage of
equipment, as an alternative to storing equipment at the port or inland terminal until
loading for the next transport leg can commence. This is also known as off dock
storage.
22
Customer
The entity who purchases goods or services from the carrier.
Payer
23
Customer location
The premises of the customer. This can be the premises of either the shipper or the
consignee.
24
Customs and transit
documentation
Official paper work used for customs clearance in relation to the end-to-end
transportation.
25
Customs manifest
Document that lists in detail all the bills of lading issued by a carrier, its agent or
master for a specific voyage and port call. It is a detailed summary of the total cargo
of a vessel and is used principally for customs purposes.
26
Cut-off
The latest point in time where a container has to be delivered to a terminal to be
loaded on a vessel, or where certain documentation has to be provided by the
Shipper. Example: CY cut-off, FCL cut-off, VGM cut-off, DG cut-off."
Cut-off time,
closing date
27
Dangerous goods
Dangerous goods mean the substances, materials and articles covered by the IMDG
Code
Dangerous cargo,
DG
28
Dangerous goods
certificate
A certificate that documents that the underlaying cargo has been stored and stowed in
a manner which is compliant with existing standards and rules. This could also contain a
verification of weight and measurements of the given cargo. This is issued as a result of
a cargo survey.
29
Dangerous goods
declaration
Document issued by a consignor in accordance with applicable conventions or
regulations, describing hazardous goods or materials for transport purposes, and
stating that the latter have been packed and labelled in accordance with the
provisions of the relevant conventions or regulations.
30
Data object
Process inputs/outputs. Events in the Industry Blueprint 1.0 have been defined as
something which happens strictly internally with a carrier.
31
Delivery
The action of delivering a container to a customer location. The delivery is completed
once the possession of the container is legally transferred to the customer from the
haulier.
32
Departure
Departure is the event which occurs, when a mode of transport leaves a place of
operations. Depending on the mode of transport departure will have different
definitions:
• Vessel: Departure has been completed once the last mooring has been released.
• Rail: Departure has been completed once the rail transport is no longer stationary in
front of the platform or rail head.
• Truck: Departure has been completed once the truck is no longer stationary in front of
the loading dock or loading facility.
33
Depot
A designated area where empty equipment is stored between use.
34
Discharge
The action of lifting cargo or containers off a mode of transport. Discharge is the
opposite of load.
35
Discharge
instructions
The list of containers that should be unloaded during a port call. This list is provided by
a carrier to a terminal.
The terminal is consolidating the Discharge Instructions from all container operators that
have slots on the vessel.
COPRAR
36
EDI booking
A booking received via electronic data interchange, meaning that the booking data
flows automatically into the carriers booking system.
37
Empties
Container or equipment currently not stuffed.
38
Empty
Containers are considered empty once all cargo have been removed and cleaning has
been performed according to carrier standards, this includes the period before
stuffing occurs.
39
Equipment
Used for storing cargo in/on during transport.
The equipment "size/type" is defined by the ISO 6346 code. The most common
equipment size/type is 20'/40'/45' Dry Freight Container, but a number of different
versions exists.
Container (only
sub-part of
equipment)
40
Equipment
discharge/loading
report
Confirmation & receipt of the equipment loaded/discharged on a vessel during a port
call. This information is recorded by the terminal operator and sent to the carrier. This
is often done using the EDI message - COARRI.
The COARRI message reports that the equipment specified have been discharged from
a seagoing vessel (discharged as ordered, over landed or short landed), or have been
loaded into a seagoing vessel.
COARRI
4
41
Equipment journey
Pick-up-to-Return covers all activities and documentation processes directly related to
containers and/or physical container movements
- Equipment driven processes
- Carrier driven processes
42
Estimated event
The estimated time is the forecasted time of completion of an event at any given time
after confirmation and until the event is completed. The estimated event is a dynamic
value, which will change in accordance with the running forecast of the time of
completion.
43
Event (Shipment
Journey)
The event in the Shipment Journey is the active occurrence, which is being reported on.
For the Shipment Journey several events exist some with similar meaning, but with
different ties to the associated document.
44
Event
(Transportation
Journey)
The event in the Transportation Journey is the active occurrence, which is being
reported on. For the Transportation Journey this is a binary parameter, which can take
the values “Arrival” or “Departure”.
45
Exception
A series of activities not included in the general process flow as they illustrate the
handling of situations that does not follow the rules for the general flow. These are
handled in the exception flow.
46
Feeder operator
An entity operating a feeder service - ref. Feeder vessel.
47
Feeder vessel
Small vessel which connects the main ports (hubs) with small ocean or inland ports. A
feeder vessel only operates in a small, defined regional area.
48
Financial clearance
status
Financial check performed by carrier to ensure outstanding balance has been paid.
49
Full
Containers are considered full once the stuffing is complete regardless of, whether or
not the container have room for additional cargo. This means the container is
considered full even if it is only stuffed with less than full load or partial loads. The
event is completed once a valid seal has been applied to the container doors
50
Gate in
The action, when a container is introduced into a controlled area like a port - or inland
terminal. Gate in has been completed once the operator of the area is legally in
possession of the container.
51
Gate-out
The action, when a container is removed from a controlled area like a port or inland
terminal. Gate out has been completed once the possession of the container has been
transferred from the operator of the terminal to the entity, who is picking up the
container.
52
Haulage equipment
Gear used to do inland transportation of a container. This can include tools and
apparatus used to load/discharge the container onto the intermodal type.
53
Haulage
requirements
Specifications for a haulier set by a carrier in regards to a specific work order, e.g.
timeline, capabilities.
54
Haulage type
The joint term for merchant and carrier haulage. It should be noted that a shipment can
have several types of haulage throughout the transport from origin to destination.
55
Haulier
A firm or a person engaged in road transport.
56
In gauge cargo
Cargo, which has been loaded into special equipment, but does not exceed the
dimensions of a standard 20', 40', or high cube container.
57
Inland terminal
Inland terminal is a facility where containers are loaded, moved or discharged. The
inland terminal can be serviced by trucks, rail and barges (at river terminals).
58
Inland transport
request
Internal work document/file facilitating the collection of necessary data prior to issuing
the carrier haulage work order.
59
Issued
A document is issued once it has been released or made available to the receiving
party by the issuing party.
60
Late submission
When a shipper submits documentation after a defined deadline set by the carrier.
61
Leg
A leg can be defined as two things:
1. A sea passage in the rotation of ports in a voyage.
2. A specific section of an complete transport of a shipment.
62
Load
The action of lifting cargo or a container on board of the mode of transportation.
Load is complete once the cargo or container has been lifted on board the mode of
transport and secured.
63
Load / discharge
confirmation
This is the confirmation sent to the customer, shipper or consignee, that the equipment
have been loaded/discharged. This message is based on the "equipment
discharge/load report".
64
Load / Loading of
container
The action of lifting any cargo or container on board of the vessel for transportation
65
Load list
List of containers sent by the carrier or its agent to the terminal to instruct which
containers must be loaded on a specific vessel/voyage. Each vessel can have several
load lists in case of vessel sharing agreements.
Vessel load list
66
Location type
The Location Type provides the locational context to the event, which is being reported
on. The Location Types are defined as unique types of areas, where a container can
be located for a specific period of time. The location identifier will be based on UN
locodes at country, city and subarea level
5
67
Manifest corrector
The manifest corrector is used to make changes to a manifest after the manifest in
question has been submitted to the relevant authorities.
68
Message
The transfer of information from one stakeholder to another and/or between software
systems. In the Industry Blueprint the focus is on information flow to parties outside of
the carrier organization (e.g. carrier to customers, etc.).
69
Milestone
A significant occurrence or change of status affecting the process flow of physical or
immaterial equipment or documents.
70
Network
Refers to the network of vessels deployed globally.
71
Off dock storage
A container yard (CY) that is situated outside of the port premises.
72
Out-of-gauge cargo
Cargo, which has been loaded into special equipment that exceed the dimensions of a
standard 20', 40', or high cube container. E.g. Out-of-gauge cargo is overlength, over
width, over height, or combinations thereof.
73
Partner
Every entity delivering transportation services within an agreement, e.g. VSA, 3PL.
74
Pick-up
The action of collecting a container from a customer location. The Pick up is completed
once the possession of the container is legally transferred from the customer to the
haulier.
75
Planned Event
The planned time is the point in time, where completion is planned to be completed in
accordance with the original route or transportation plan. The time of the planned
event will not change after the confirmation has been sent to the customer regardless
of operational execution. The transportation plan is generated when the carrier sends
the booking confirmation to the customer and will not change afterwards unless a
revised plan is agreed by stakeholders.
76
Port
A facility with piers or docks. Ports are accessed by vessels and barges and represent
the destinations of a voyage. Ports can contain one or more terminals.
77
Port call
A port call is defined as a unique intermediate stop of a vessel in the rotation of ports
on the voyage. A vessel may have several terminal calls during a single port call.
78
Port terminal
A facility located adjacent to a waterway, where containers will be loaded, moved or
discharged onto/from sea-going vessels and barges.
79
Process Level 1
End-to-end process stream. Consists of several journeys.
End-to-end process
80
Process Level 2
A series of related processes in a timeline which allows for a goal to be accomplished.
In the Industry Blueprint 1.0 a journey structure has been utilized on the process level 2
(see "Shipment journey", "Equipment journey" and "Vessel journey".
81
Process Level 3
A sequence of related activities.
Process
82
Rail
Rail transport designed for the movement of goods or people. In the context of the
event naming structure this is limited to rail transport designed for containerized cargo.
83
Received
The event associated with receiving a document or a set of information constituting a
document type. A document is received on it is registered by the receiving party.
84
Reefer
A vessel designed and equipped for the transportation of food products under cold
storage. (Ref: De Kerchove Dictionary)
85
Re-export
Upon customer's request or because cargo is refused at destination, container must be
returned to port of loading or another import location.
86
Release reference
number
Reference number contained in the Cargo Release. It is provided by the carrier to the
terminal and to the cargo receiver, and it must be presented upon pick up at the
terminal.
COREOR
87
Re-stows
Re-stowed container means that, at some point along the route, it will be moved from
a previous stowage location on board the vessel to another stowage location on
board the same vessel. This can be done in one crane move (ship to ship shifting), but
more frequently done via shore/the pier (ship to pier shifting).
88
Re-use
When an import customer wants to reuse the import container for a new export .
89
Roll over
When an ocean freight cargo is said to have been ‘rolled’, it means it has not been
loaded onto the vessel it was meant to be shipped on but rolled to a subsequent
vessel.
Roll, rollings,
rollings list, rolled
bookings
90
Route plan
Plan for the end-to-end shipment of a shipment. This includes specification of all
transport legs, timings, schedules and interdependencies between transport legs.
91
Sea Waybill
A Sea Waybill (SWB) is used when the shipper decides to release ownership of the
cargo immediately. This means that the goods can be delivered to the person
identified in the document, and they will simply have to verify their identity instead of
presenting a document to claim the cargo.
Express Release
Bill of Lading,
Straight Bill of
Lading
92
Seal
A single-use instrument used for securing container or freight car or truck doors.
Seals have a unique numbers for record purposes.
93
Shipment
A Shipment is the realization of a customer booking for which all containers have a
common routing and details of scheduling.
Consignment
6
94
Shipment Document
Type
This parameter is an identifier for the specific document type in question in the specific
event. The document types in the structure all follow the shipment, and they are all
having dependencies towards the shipper or consignee.
95
Shipment journey
Booking-to-Payment covers all activities and documentation processes related to a
customer’s order
- Customer driven processes (and/or triggered by the customer)
- Process executed in relation to an agreement made, between the customer and the
carrier, which is later invoiced and settled
96
Shipment Release
message
The document sent to the consignee informing, that the shipment can now be released
from its current location and transferred to the consignee on gate-out.
97
Shipper
Shipper means any person by whom or in whose name, or on whose behalf, a contract
of carriage of goods by sea has been concluded with a carrier, or any person by
whom or in whose name, or on whose behalf, the goods are actually delivered to the
carrier in relation to the contract of carriage by sea.
Consignor, sender
98
Shipping Instruction
An enrichment to the original booking shared by the shipper to the carrier. The
shipping instruction includes volume/weight, shipping dates, origin, destination and
other special instructions. The information given by the shipper through the shipping
instructions is the information, which is required to create the Bill of Lading.
99
Short shipment
A short shipment is a situation when a container that should have been loaded on the
vessel according to the Load List and the manifest was not loaded but was left behind.
100
Special cargo
Joint term for cargo, which is not transported in a regular dry container or is
considered dangerous goods. This also includes, but is not limited to out of gauge
cargo.
101
Special equipment
All container types other than regular Dry or Reefer containers. Examples of these can
be flat racks (open containers for oversized, irregular and/or heavy cargo), Open
tops (fitted with a solid removable roof), etc.
102
Stowage instructions
The vessel operator's instructions to the terminal on the placement of containers on the
vessel to prevent damage or loss, or to ensure safety / compliance.
COPRAR
103
Stowage plan
Method of matching space to containers on board of a vessel in the order of to
optimize discharge of load at the respective boards. Stowage plan is also called
BAPLIE.
BAPLIE
104
Stripping
The act of unloading cargo from containers or equipment.
Emptying,
destuffing,
unstuffing
105
Stripping location
The location where the process of unloading the cargo of a container takes place.
106
Stuffing
The process of loading the cargo in a container or in/onto an other piece of
equipment.
107
Submitted
A document is submitted once the document is sent from the submitting party to the
receiving party.
108
Surrendered
A transportation document is surrendered once the possession/ownership of the
document has been transferred from the customer to the carrier (normally in return for
cargo release).
109
Terminal
A facility for loading, moving or discharging containers. Terminals can be both inland
terminals for trucks and rail or port terminals are accessed by vessels and these can
contain multiple berths.
110
Terminal departure
report (TDR)
Upon completion of operations on a particular vessel, a terminal departure report
(TDR) is to be sent to the respective shipping lines. This report, prepared from
timesheets, includes container vessel operation data and tabulation of productivity.
This can be in the form of the EDI-message TPFREP.
TPFREP
111
Terminal move
Each terminal has a set number of moves, which can be performed on a vessel during
a port call. One move is usually defined as the movement (loading or unloading) of
one container.
112
Transportation
document
The document that governs the terms of carriage between shipper and carrier. The
most common types of Transportation include, but are not limited to:
• Original Bill of Lading
• Sea Waybill (Straight Bill of Lading)
• Express Bill of Lading
113
Transshipment
A terminal operation whereby containers or cargo are transferred from one vessel to
another to reach their final destination, compared to a direct service from the load
port of origin to the discharge port of destination.
T/S, transhipment
114
Truck
Road going vehicle designed for the movement of goods or people. In the context of
the event naming structure this is limited to trucks designed for containerized cargo
and delimited from trucks and vans carrying parcels or other cargo.
115
Verified Gross Mass
(VGM)
A document informing the carrier of the weight of the container, signed by an
authorized person from the shipper or on behalf of said shipper. This includes cargo
weight, bracing, dunnage and container tare weight.
116
Vessel
A floating structure with either internal or external mode of propulsion designed for
the transport of cargo and/or passengers. A vessel can be sea going (mother vessels
and feeder vessels) or for shallow water transport (barges).
7
117
Vessel journey
Departure-to-Arrival covers all activities and documentation processes related to one
vessel AND one port call
- Activities required to execute a port call successfully
- Preparation of vessel arrival and follow-up post vessel departure
The Vessel journey in the Industry Blueprint 1.0 will exclude:
- Ongoing activities carried out during sea passage
- Activities carried out by third parties incl. terminal operators and port authorities.
- Husbandry activities e.g. order tugs, pilots, linesmen.
- Vessel operations related to crewing, ongoing maintenance etc.
118
Vessel rotation
The order and sequence in which a vessel calls the ports on its route.
119
Vessel schedule
The timetable of departure and arrival times for each port call on the rotation of the
vessel in question.
120
Vessel Sharing
Agreements (VSA)
An agreement between two or more shipping lines to share vessel capacity on specific
routes to increase asset utilization.
121
Voyage
A journey by sea from one port or country to another one or, in case of a round trip,
to the same port.
Journey
122
Work order
Order for specific transportation work carried out by a third party provider on behalf
of the issuing party.
W/O
123
Vessel Capacity
The operational capacity of a vessel on a specific voyage. This capacity takes into
account all limiting factors such as the physical capacity on-board, but it also allows
for constraints in the terminals to load / discharge the vessel for the specific voyaga